A dataset provided by the European Space Agency

Name SCE, Solar Corona Experiment
Mission Ulysses
URL http://ufa.esac.esa.int/ufa/
DOI https://doi.org/10.5270/esa-46yu5rj
Abstract The Ulysses dual-frequency radio subsystem was utilized by the Ulysses Solar Corona Experiment (SCE) to measure the electron content (column density) and its variations during the first solar conjunction (C1) of the Ulysses mission in the summer of 1991 as well as the fourth solar conjunction (C4) in the winter of 1995. In the nominal mode for radio-sounding observations [BIRDETAL1992A], both downlinks (S-band: f_s = 2.3 GHz; X-band: f_x = 8.4 GHz) are phase coherent with the uplink (S-band: f_u = 2.1 GHz). The dual-frequency radio-sounding technique exploits the dispersive nature of ionized media on the propagation of the two downlinks. The tiny Doppler shift due to plasma moving in and out of the ray path is greater at S-band than at the higher frequency X-band. Similarly, because the group velocity of waves propagating in ionized media is smaller for lower frequencies, the round-trip time of propagation for coded range signals between the spacecraft and the ground station will be longer at S-band than at X-band.
Description Ranging and Doppler Data for the First (C1) and Fourth (C4) Solar Conjunctions
Publication Bird, M.K., et al., H. The coronal-sounding experiment, Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser: 92, 425-430 (1992); link to publication
Temporal Coverage 1990.10.06 - 2009.30.06
Mission Description The joint ESA-NASA Ulysses deep-space mission conducted the first-ever out-of-ecliptic study of the heliosphere - the region of space influenced by the Sun and its magnetic field. The European-built Ulysses spacecraft was launched by the space shuttle Discovery on the 6th of October 1990, and remained operative until the 30th of June 2009, covering almost a full 22-year solar magnetic cycle.

Wenzel, K.P., Marsden, R.G., Page, D.E., Smith, E.J., The ULYSSES Mission, Astron. Astrophys. Suppl., 92, 2, 207-219, 1992; link to publication
Creator Contact Dr. Michael K. Bird, Principal Investigator, Bonn University, Germany, mbird@astro.uni-bonn.de
Publisher And Registrant European Space Agency
Credit Guidelines When publishing any works related to this experiment, please cite the DOI found herein.