A dataset provided by the European Space Agency

Name EPAC, Energetic PArticle Anisotropy Composition experiment
Mission Ulysses
URL http://ufa.esac.esa.int/ufa/
DOI https://doi.org/10.5270/esa-hzv8hki
Abstract The Energetic PArticles Composition instrument EPAC provides information on the flux, anisotropy and chemical composition of energetic particles in interplanetary space in the nominal energy range from 300 keV/nucleon to 25 MeV/nucleon for ions and electrons from 100 to 380 keV and above. Four identical telescopes are used, inclined under angles of 22.5°, 67.5°, 112.5° and 157.5°, with respect to the spacecraft spin axis. This design, together with spin sectorisation, allows to sample 80% of the sphere in 32 bins and therefore get a fully three-dimensional resolution of anisotropies. In each of the telescopes the so-called 'E-dE/dx' technique was used. It requires a particle to traverse a very thin detector and then stop it in a second, much thicker detector. Particles of higher energies can traverse the two detector stack, but are eliminated by a third 'veto' detector. Each telescope has a geometric factor of about 0.08 cm2 sr and has a field-of-view with a full angle of 35°.
Description Various products are provided including fluxes for electrons, protons up to iron ions, in different energy bands from 100 keV for electrons to 580 MeV for the top iron energy channel. Fluxes are given as omnidirectional or split in 8 azimuthal sectors and 8 energy bands.
Publication Keppler, E., et al., The Ulysses energetic particle composition experiment EPAC, Astron. Astrophys. Suppl., 92gwt-uid-137, 317, 1992; link to publication
Temporal Coverage 1990.10.06 - 2009.30.06
Mission Description The joint ESA-NASA Ulysses deep-space mission conducted the first-ever out-of-ecliptic study of the heliosphere - the region of space influenced by the Sun and its magnetic field. The European-built Ulysses spacecraft was launched by the space shuttle Discovery on the 6th of October 1990, and remained operative until the 30th of June 2009, covering almost a full 22-year solar magnetic cycle.

Wenzel, K.P., Marsden, R.G., Page, D.E., Smith, E.J., The ULYSSES Mission, Astron. Astrophys. Suppl., 92, 2, 207-219, 1992; link to publication
Creator Contact Dr. Norbert Krupp, Principal Investigator, Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Germany, krupp@mps.mpg.de
Publisher And Registrant European Space Agency
Credit Guidelines When publishing any works related to this experiment, please cite the DOI found herein.