A dataset provided by the European Space Agency

Name VIRGO, Variability of solar IRradiance and Gravity Oscillations
Mission SOHO
URL https://www.cosmos.esa.int/web/soho/mission-long-files
DOI https://doi.org/10.5270/esa-vief1sn
Abstract The scientific objective of the VIRGO experiment (Variability of solar IRradiance and Gravity Oscillations) is to determine the characteristics of pressure and internal gravity oscillations by observing irradiance and radiance variations, to measure the solar total and spectral irradiance and to quantify their variability over periods of days to the duration of the mission. With these data helioseismological methods can be used to probe the solar interior. Certain characteristics of convection and its interaction with magnetic fields, related to, for example, activity, are studied from the results of the irradiance monitoring and from the comparison of amplitudes and phases of the oscillations as manifest in brightness from VIRGO, in velocity from GOLF, and in both velocity and continuum intensity from SOI/MDI. The VIRGO experiment contains two different active-cavity radiometers for monitoring the solar ‘constant’, two three-channel sunphotometers (SPM) for the measurement of the spectral irradiance at 402, 500 and 862 nm, and a low-resolution imager (LOI) with 12 pixels, for the measurement of the radiance distribution over the solar disk at 500 um.
Description VIRGO key scientific data products are mission long files related to
  • Total solar irradiance at 1 hour cadence
  • Total solar irradiance at 1 day cadence
  • Spectral solar irradiance blue channel, 3995-4045 Å
  • Spectral solar irradiance green channel, 4975-5025 Å
  • Spectral solar irradiance red channel, 8600-8650 Å
Publication Fröhlich, C., et al., VIRGO: Experiment for helioseismology and solar irradiance monitoring, Sol. Phys., 162, 101–128 (1995); https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00733428
Fröhlich, C., D. Crommelynck, C. Wehrli, M. Anklin, S. Dewitte, A. Fichot, W. Finsterle, A. Jiménez, A. Chevalier, and H.J. Roth., In-flight performances of VIRGO solar irradiance instruments on SOHO, Sol. Phys., 175, 267–286, 1997, https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1004929108864
Temporal Coverage 1996 - current
Mission Description SOHO, the Solar & Heliospheric Observatory, is a project of international collaboration between ESA and NASA to study the Sun from its deep core to the outer corona and the solar wind. SOHO was launched on December 2, 1995. The SOHO spacecraft was built in Europe by an industry team led by prime contractor Matra Marconi Space (now Airbus) under overall management by ESA. The twelve instruments on board SOHO were provided by European and American scientists. Nine of the international instrument consortia are led by European Principal Investigators (PI's), three by PI's from the US. Large engineering teams and more than 200 co-investigators from many institutions supported the PI's in the development of the instruments and in the preparation of their operations and data analysis. NASA was responsible for the launch and is now responsible for mission operations. Large radio dishes around the world which form NASA's Deep Space Network are used for data downlink and commanding. Mission control is based at Goddard Space Flight Center in Maryland.

Domingo, V., Fleck, B. & Poland, A.I., The SOHO mission: An overview, Sol. Phys., 162, 1–37, 1995; https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00733425
Creator Contact Finsterle, W., Principal Investigator, PMOD, Switzerland, wolfgang.finsterle@pmodwrc.ch
Publisher And Registrant European Space Agency
Credit Guidelines When publishing any works related to this experiment, please cite the DOI found herein.