A dataset provided by the European Space Agency

Name LASCO, Large Angle and Spectrometric Coronagraph
Mission SOHO
URL https://www.cosmos.esa.int/web/soho/soho-science-archive
DOI https://doi.org/10.5270/esa-4qhsiaj
Abstract The Large Angle Spectroscopic Coronagraph (LASCO) is a three coronagraph package which has been jointly developed for the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) mission by the Naval Research Laboratory (USA), the Laboratoire d'Astronomie Spatiale (France), the Max-Planck-Institut für Aeronomie (Germany), and the University of Birmingham (UK). LASCO comprises three coronagraphs, C1, C2, and C3, that together image the solar corona from 1.1 to 30 Rs (C1: 1.1 – 3 Rs, C2: 1.5 – 6 Rs, and C3: 3.7 – 30 Rs), where Rs stands for solar radius. The C1 coronagraph is a newly developed mirror version of the classic internally-occulted Lyot coronagraph, while the C2 and C3 coronagraphs are externally occulted Lyot coronagraphs. High-resolution imaging spectroscopy of the corona from 1.1 to 3 Rs can be performed with the Fabry-Perot interferometer in C1. High-volume memories and a high-speed microprocessor enable extensive on-board image processing.
Description LASCO scientific data products consist of calibrated and raw data images acquired by the LASCO cornagraphs (C2 and C3, and C1 at the beginning of the mission). Calibrated images can be derived from the raw data via IDL SolarSoft software. The cadence (time resolution) varied considerably over the mission lifetime (from hours in the early mission phase to 12 minutes in recent years).
Publication Brueckner, G.E., et al., The Large Angle Spectroscopic Coronagraph (LASCO), Sol.Phys., 162, 357–402 (1995); https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00733434
Temporal Coverage 1996 - current for C2 and C3
1996 - September 1998 for C1
Mission Description SOHO, the Solar & Heliospheric Observatory, is a project of international collaboration between ESA and NASA to study the Sun from its deep core to the outer corona and the solar wind. SOHO was launched on December 2, 1995. The SOHO spacecraft was built in Europe by an industry team led by prime contractor Matra Marconi Space (now Airbus) under overall management by ESA. The twelve instruments on board SOHO were provided by European and American scientists. Nine of the international instrument consortia are led by European Principal Investigators (PI's), three by PI's from the US. Large engineering teams and more than 200 co-investigators from many institutions supported the PI's in the development of the instruments and in the preparation of their operations and data analysis. NASA was responsible for the launch and is now responsible for mission operations. Large radio dishes around the world which form NASA's Deep Space Network are used for data downlink and commanding. Mission control is based at Goddard Space Flight Center in Maryland.

Domingo, V., Fleck, B. & Poland, A.I., The SOHO mission: An overview, Sol. Phys., 162, 1–37, 1995; https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00733425
Creator Contact Howard, R., Principal Investigator, Naval Research Laboratory, USA, russ.howard@nrl.navy.mil
Publisher And Registrant European Space Agency
Credit Guidelines When publishing any works related to this experiment, please cite the DOI found herein.