|Title||Studying the Progenitors of Our Favorite Clusters at z>1|
|Author||Dr Adam Mantz|
|Description||Surveys in the 2020s, notably the CMB-S4 program and Athena, will reveal galaxy clusters at high redshifts, all the way back to zvirgul3, when they first formed. Unveiling the properties (density, temperature, entropy, metallicity) and evolution of the intracluster medium and the galaxy-halo connection in these early-forming systems will be among the primary science goals of both Athena and any Chandra successor. While many of the most exciting questions about the initial formation of galaxy clusters must wait for next-generation X-ray missions, we can lay an important foundation now by extending studies of statistical cluster samples into the z>1 regime.|
|Publication||No observations found associated with the current proposal|
|Instrument||EMOS1, EMOS2, EPN, OM, RGS1, RGS2|
|Mission Description||The European Space Agency's (ESA) X-ray Multi-Mirror Mission (XMM-Newton) was launched by an Ariane 504 on December 10th 1999. XMM-Newton is ESA's second cornerstone of the Horizon 2000 Science Programme. It carries 3 high throughput X-ray telescopes with an unprecedented effective area, and an optical monitor, the first flown on a X-ray observatory. The large collecting area and ability to make long uninterrupted exposures provide highly sensitive observations.
Since Earth's atmosphere blocks out all X-rays, only a telescope in space can detect and study celestial X-ray sources. The XMM-Newton mission is helping scientists to solve a number of cosmic mysteries, ranging from the enigmatic black holes to the origins of the Universe itself. Observing time on XMM-Newton is being made available to the scientific community, applying for observational periods on a competitive basis.
|Publisher And Registrant||European Space Agency|
|Credit Guidelines||European Space Agency, 2021-12-16T00:00:00Z, 086264, 18.02_20200221_1200. https://doi.org/esa-[xxxxxxx]|