|Title||Complete high-energy census of the cool stellar neighbors|
|Author||Prof Beate Stelzer|
|Description||New facilities like TESS will soon boost the number of known terrestrial planets around M stars. Stellar X-rays can severely affect planetary atmospheres, but more than 40% of the M dwarfs within only 10pc lack appropriate data. We, thus, propose to continue our X-ray and UV XMM-Newton survey of all 37 still X-ray undetected M0-M4 dwarfs within 10pc. This 925ks Fulfil Project will provide the ultimate constraint on M dwarf X-ray luminosity function, plasma temperature, short time-scale variability and UV spectral energy distribution, vital input to models of planetary atmospheres, dynamos and spin evolution, as a legacy for future stellar-exoplanetary modeling work.|
|Publication||No observations found associated with the current proposal|
|Instrument||EMOS1, EMOS2, EPN, OM, RGS1, RGS2|
|Mission Description||The European Space Agency's (ESA) X-ray Multi-Mirror Mission (XMM-Newton) was launched by an Ariane 504 on December 10th 1999. XMM-Newton is ESA's second cornerstone of the Horizon 2000 Science Programme. It carries 3 high throughput X-ray telescopes with an unprecedented effective area, and an optical monitor, the first flown on a X-ray observatory. The large collecting area and ability to make long uninterrupted exposures provide highly sensitive observations.
Since Earth's atmosphere blocks out all X-rays, only a telescope in space can detect and study celestial X-ray sources. The XMM-Newton mission is helping scientists to solve a number of cosmic mysteries, ranging from the enigmatic black holes to the origins of the Universe itself. Observing time on XMM-Newton is being made available to the scientific community, applying for observational periods on a competitive basis.
|Publisher And Registrant||European Space Agency|
|Credit Guidelines||European Space Agency, 2022-05-22T00:00:00Z, 086030, 19.16_20210326_1200. https://doi.org/10.57780/esa-bw1m2sj|