|Title||Anatomy of an outflow: mapping the Markarian 509 warm absorber|
|Author||Dr Jelle Kaastra|
|Description||AGN outflows impact the evolution of supermassive black holes, host galaxies, surrounding IGM, and cooling flows. However, the physical properties of these winds are poorly known. We propose to obtain the deepest RGS spectrum of any AGN, allowing us to determine the physical conditions of the gas. Through monitoring of the warm absorber using the combined EPIC and RGS spectra we will unambiguously constrain the location and geometry of this outflow. These unprecedented constraints allow us to estimate the parameters that determine the effect of AGN outflows on their environment: mass flux and kinetic luminosity. For this ambitious program, we propose to observe Mrk 509 for 600 ks using 10 observations of 60 ks each, spaced by 4 days.|
|Publication||No observations found associated with the current proposal|
|Instrument||EMOS1, EMOS2, EPN, OM, RGS1, RGS2|
|Mission Description||The European Space Agency's (ESA) X-ray Multi-Mirror Mission (XMM-Newton) was launched by an Ariane 504 on December 10th 1999. XMM-Newton is ESA's second cornerstone of the Horizon 2000 Science Programme. It carries 3 high throughput X-ray telescopes with an unprecedented effective area, and an optical monitor, the first flown on a X-ray observatory. The large collecting area and ability to make long uninterrupted exposures provide highly sensitive observations.
Since Earth's atmosphere blocks out all X-rays, only a telescope in space can detect and study celestial X-ray sources. The XMM-Newton mission is helping scientists to solve a number of cosmic mysteries, ranging from the enigmatic black holes to the origins of the Universe itself. Observing time on XMM-Newton is being made available to the scientific community, applying for observational periods on a competitive basis.
|Publisher And Registrant||European Space Agency|
|Credit Guidelines||European Space Agency, 2010-12-10T00:00:00Z, 060139, 17.56_20190403_1200. https://doi.org/10.5270/esa-k6ng7mn|