|Title||Taking the Pulse of Our Youngest Neighborhood Neutron Star|
|Author||Prof David Helfand|
|Description||The X-ray point source at the center of the remnant of SN1181 (3C58) is almost certainly the youngest neutron star we have yet observed. Although slightly younger than the Crab pulsar, both it, and its surrounding synchrotron nebula are roughly 1000 times less luminous than the Crab. We want to know why. We propose EPIC observations to gather two key pieces of data needed to solve this mystery: the star.s spin period and its temporally resolved spectrum which is essential for defining its X-ray emission mechanism(s). The result will be a crucial additional datum on the distribution of the natal properties of neutron stars.|
|Publication||No observations found associated with the current proposal|
|Instrument||EMOS1, EMOS2, EPN, OM, RGS1, RGS2|
|Mission Description||The European Space Agency's (ESA) X-ray Multi-Mirror Mission (XMM-Newton) was launched by an Ariane 504 on December 10th 1999. XMM-Newton is ESA's second cornerstone of the Horizon 2000 Science Programme. It carries 3 high throughput X-ray telescopes with an unprecedented effective area, and an optical monitor, the first flown on a X-ray observatory. The large collecting area and ability to make long uninterrupted exposures provide highly sensitive observations.
Since Earth's atmosphere blocks out all X-rays, only a telescope in space can detect and study celestial X-ray sources. The XMM-Newton mission is helping scientists to solve a number of cosmic mysteries, ranging from the enigmatic black holes to the origins of the Universe itself. Observing time on XMM-Newton is being made available to the scientific community, applying for observational periods on a competitive basis.
|Publisher And Registrant||European Space Agency|
|Credit Guidelines||European Space Agency, 2002-06-27T00:00:00Z, 000401, 17.56_20190403_1200. https://doi.org/10.5270/esa-ivovy69|