A dataset provided by the European Space Agency

Name OT2_ppilleri_1
Title Dynamics of the ultracompact HII region Monoceros R2: solving the lifetime paradox of young massive star forming region


DOI https://doi.org/10.5270/esa-iis2qyc
Author European Space Agency
Description Ultracompact (UC) HII regions represent one of the earliest phases
in massive star formation. They are characterized by extreme
UV irradiation (G0>10^5 Habings), small physical
scales (<0.1 pc) and are embedded in dense molecular clouds.
HII regions are expected to expand at velocities of the order of the sound
speed (10km/s) and remain ultracompact for about 3000 years.
Therefore, only a few dozen should exist in the Galaxy. However,
many more UCHIIs have been observed,
corresponding to lifetimes one to two orders of magnitude larger.
A number of models have been proposed to solve this problem, but all have
shortcomings. Our ability to test these models depends on good
informations about the morphology and the kinematics of the sources.

Mon R2 is the closest ultracompact HII region (d=830 pc), the only one that
can be resolved by Herschel and undoubtedly a case study.
Full modeling of the CO lines previously observed with HIFI
suggests that the high velocity gas arises from the layer of warm (>100 K) and dense
(>5x10^6 cm-3) gas confining the UCHII region. The line profiles are well reproduced
assuming that this layer is expanding at the relatively high velocity of
1.5km/s, corresponding to a lifetime of about 10^5 years.
Our kinematical study of the region is however limited
by the scarce HIFI observations that hinder a full 3D
We propose to observe with HIFI fully sampled maps of several atomic
and molecular species (CII, CO, 13CO, CH, CH+) and single pointed
observations of OH+ to trace the kinematics of the different phases
of MonR2.

The understanding of the dynamics and
energetics of UCHII regions is key to study the feedback process of
newly formed massive stars in their native molecular cloud, and
therefore the evolution of giant molecular clo...uds. In extragalactic
research, these energetic environments could dominate the physical and
chemical conditions in evolved starbursts like M82 and in the most
distant galaxies.
Publication Kinematics of the ionized-to-neutral interfaces in Monoceros R2 . Pilleri P. et al. . Astronomy & Astrophysics, Volume 561, id.A69, 6 pp. . 561 . 10.1051\/0004-6361\/201322638 . 2014A&A...561A..69P ,
Instrument HIFI_HifiPoint_dbs, HIFI_HifiMapping_load-raster, HIFI_HifiMapping_fly
Temporal Coverage 2012-09-06T17:34:07Z/2013-03-29T02:16:21Z
Version SPG v14.1.0
Mission Description Herschel was launched on 14 May 2009! It is the fourth 'cornerstone' mission in the ESA science programme. With a 3.5 m Cassegrain telescope it is the largest space telescope ever launched. It is performing photometry and spectroscopy in approximately the 55-671 µm range, bridging the gap between earlier infrared space missions and groundbased facilities.
Creator Contact https://support.cosmos.esa.int/h®erschel/
Date Published 2013-09-28T23:17:12Z
Publisher And Registrant European Space Agency
Credit Guidelines European Space Agency, 2013, Dynamics Of The Ultracompact Hii Region Monoceros R2: Solving The Lifetime Paradox Of Young Massive Star Forming Region, SPG v14.1.0, European Space Agency, https://doi.org/10.5270/esa-iis2qyc