A dataset provided by the European Space Agency

Name OT2_nnesvadb_3
Title Can AGN keep the gas in their host galaxies from becoming gravitationally bound and forming stars?


DOI https://doi.org/10.5270/esa-0e7rjbo
Author European Space Agency
Description The discovery of molecular outflows from AGN and starburst galaxies
has been a major success of the Herschel Space Observatory and moved
AGN feedback into the focus of Herschel science. However, feedback is
more than winds, and observations of winds alone will only provide a
limited picture of how AGN regulate star formation in galaxies. Recent
observations suggest that gas-rich AGN host galaxies can have very low
star-formation rates, up to 60 times less than expected for their gas
surface densities. Why are these galaxies not forming stars? One
possibility is that the injection of mechanical energy through the AGN
is making the gas too turbulent to become gravitationally bound, to
collapse and to form stars. Thus, star formation in AGN host galaxies
may be regulated by fundamentally similar mechanisms as star formation
in molecular clouds in the Milky Way and other .ordinary. galaxies.

Here we propose to measure [CII]158 with PACS in 6 nearby galaxies
with radio nuclei to test this hypothesis. We focus on galaxies with
radio nuclei without strong star formation or quasar emission, because
we wish to study the consequences of the rapid injection of mechanical
energy through the AGN into the ISM. Radio-dominated AGN provide the
cleanest environment for such a study because their UV radiation is
faint, and we expect the shock contribution to dominate over that of
UV heated star forming gas. However, many of our results can be
cautiously extended to all types of mechanical interactions between
AGN and gas. We will compare the [CII] line fluxes with those of warm
H2 in the Spitzer archive. For highly turbulent gas that is not
gravitationally bound, we expect the gas not to be well shielded,
resulting in high [CII]/H2 ratios of 1-5. For the same reason, [CII]
could also be an interesting tracer of low surface-brightness emission
from win...ds. NIR imaging spectroscopy will serve as a benchmark to
separate systemic line emission from putative wind components and to
measure turbulent velocities in the CNM.
Publication Neon and [C II] 158 μm Emission Line Profiles in Dusty Starbursts and Active Galactic Nuclei . Samsonyan Anahit et al. . The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Volume 226, Issue 1, article id. 11, 18 pp. (2016). . 226 . 10.3847\/0067-0049\/226\/1\/11 . 2016ApJS..226...11S ,
Instrument PACS_PacsLineSpec_point
Temporal Coverage 2012-05-05T01:54:35Z/2012-07-29T15:08:08Z
Version SPG v14.2.0
Mission Description Herschel was launched on 14 May 2009! It is the fourth 'cornerstone' mission in the ESA science programme. With a 3.5 m Cassegrain telescope it is the largest space telescope ever launched. It is performing photometry and spectroscopy in approximately the 55-671 µm range, bridging the gap between earlier infrared space missions and groundbased facilities.
Creator Contact https://support.cosmos.esa.int/h®erschel/
Date Published 2013-01-29T14:37:12Z
Publisher And Registrant European Space Agency
Credit Guidelines European Space Agency, 2013, Can Agn Keep The Gas In Their Host Galaxies From Becoming Gravitationally Bound And Forming Starsquestionmark, SPG v14.2.0, European Space Agency, https://doi.org/10.5270/esa-0e7rjbo