A dataset provided by the European Space Agency

Name OT2_jforbric_3
Title Probing short-term far-infrared variability of protostars and exploring afterglows of X-ray disk heating


DOI https://doi.org/10.5270/esa-sja622s
Author European Space Agency
Description Recent studies have shown that there is a surprising amount of variability on many timescales in the mid-infrared emission of young stellar objects (YSOs). Especially on short timescales of minutes to hours, mid- and particularly far-infrared variability is currently almost entirely unexplored. While such variability is probing circumstellar disks and envelopes, it is linked to physical processes on the central object. Already the earliest evolutionary stages of YSOs are also strong X-ray emitters, and one important aspect is the heating and possible eventual dispersal of circumstellar disks due to X-ray emission. Even though very important for the understanding of planet formation, this process is poorly understood. The Herschel Space Observatory offers the last possibility for the foreseeable future to explore these processes in more detail and learn about disk heating and explore the occurrence of short-term variability. Here, we propose to do both by repeated observations of the extensively studied nearby Coronet cluster in the CrA star-forming region. Five epochs of near-simultaneous XMM-Newton and Herschel observations, each about 1.5h in duration and spaced by timescales of days to weeks, are meant to explore the short-term variability and link it to the more frequently studied variability on longer timescales. During each epoch, the cluster is mapped 18 times with Herschel. The Coronet has been chosen for having YSOs that can be detected at high S/N in short periods of time while not being too crowded for the angular resolution of both observatories. By exploring far-infrared variability on timescales of several minutes to days and weeks as well as disk heating by protostellar X-ray emission, these short observations will have a unique legacy value.
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The Nearby Evolved Stars Survey II: Constructing a volume-limited sample and first results from the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope . Scicluna P. et al. . Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society . null . null . 2022MNRAS.512.1091S ,
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A Multi-band Catalog of 10978 Star Clusters, Associations, and Candidates in the Milky Way . Bica Eduardo et al. . The Astronomical Journal, Volume 157, Issue 1, article id. 12, 14 pp. (2019). . 157 . 10.3847\/1538-3881\/aaef8d . 2019AJ....157...12B ,
Instrument PACS_PacsPhoto_largeScan
Temporal Coverage 2012-03-13T15:59:07Z/2012-03-28T16:57:09Z
Version SPG v14.2.0
Mission Description Herschel was launched on 14 May 2009! It is the fourth 'cornerstone' mission in the ESA science programme. With a 3.5 m Cassegrain telescope it is the largest space telescope ever launched. It is performing photometry and spectroscopy in approximately the 55-671 µm range, bridging the gap between earlier infrared space missions and groundbased facilities.
Creator Contact https://support.cosmos.esa.int/h®erschel/
Date Published 2012-09-28T16:14:57Z
Publisher And Registrant European Space Agency
Credit Guidelines European Space Agency, 2012, Probing Short-Term Far-Infrared Variability Of Protostars And Exploring Afterglows Of X-Ray Disk Heating, SPG v14.2.0, European Space Agency, https://doi.org/10.5270/esa-sja622s