|The [CII]-CO ratio as a tool to measure the molecular gas contents and understand the star formation histories of low mass galaxies
|We request 78 hours of observing time to obtain 5-10 sigma detections of the [CII]158um line for a complete sample of 103 star-forming galaxies with 9.0&amp;lt;log(M*-Msun)&amp;lt;10.2 . These observations form the bedrock of an ambitious new program to understand the gas accretion and star formation histories of low mass galaxies in the local Universe. In this stellar mass range, galaxies are dominated by cold gas rather than stars, gas-phase metallicities drop below solar, and CO line luminosities quickly become a poor proxy for the total molecular gas content of a galaxy. We note that the majority of star-forming galaxies in the high redshift Universe (z&amp;gt;2-3) likely lie in this regime, irrespective of their mass. By measuring [CII] line fluxes with Herschel-PACS, our hope is to disentangle variations in CO line flux measurements that might arise because galaxies have different gas accretion histories, from systematics in the CO-based molecular gas measurements resulting from changes in the structure and chemical compositions of the molecular clouds themselves. The majority of galaxies in our sample already have HI data from Arecibo. Total star formation rates and stellar masses have been estimated using multi-band GALEX and SDSS photometry. We are simultaneously applying for IRAM 30m telescope time to obtain CO line fluxes, and MMT time to obtain long-slit spectroscopy to estimate gas-phase metallicity and dust extinction profiles for the galaxies in our sample. At the very least, by tracking the [CII]-CO ratio as function of stellar mass, SFR and metallicity, we will empirically (and hence robustly) determine the global properties of galaxies for which the standard XCO factor no longer provides accurate total molecular gas masses. This will be crucial input to future studies of CO in high-z galaxies.
|Deriving a multivariate αCO conversion function using the [C II]-CO (1-0) ratio and its application to molecular gas scaling relations . Accurso G. et al. . Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 470, Issue 4, p.4750-4766 . 470 . 10.1093/mnras/stx1556 . 2017MNRAS.470.4750A ,
|Herschel was launched on 14 May 2009! It is the fourth 'cornerstone' mission in the ESA science programme. With a 3.5 m Cassegrain telescope it is the largest space telescope ever launched. It is performing photometry and spectroscopy in approximately the 55-671 µm range, bridging the gap between earlier infrared space missions and groundbased facilities.
|Publisher And Registrant
|European Space Agency
|European Space Agency, 2013, OT2_asainton_1, SPG v14.2.0. https://doi.org/10.5270/esa-nonex9c