A dataset provided by the European Space Agency

Name GT1_vgeers_1
Title Tracing Remnant Gas in Planet Forming Debris Disk Systems


DOI https://doi.org/10.5270/esa-fx33ymc
Author European Space Agency
Description Recent studies of gas emission lines with Spitzer and sub-millimeter telescopes have shown that 10-100 Myr old stars with debris disks have too little gas left to form Jupiter like gas giant planets. Whether enough gas remains in these systems to form ice giant planets is still unanswered. The [OI] emission line at 63 micron is one of the most sensitive tracers of gas mass in the ice-giant region of 10-50 AU in disks, and Herschel PACS is therefore uniquely suited to trace the remnant gas in planet-forming disks.
We propose to obtain PACS line spectroscopy of [OI] (63 micron) for two nearby young stars, HR 8799 and HD 15115, which are two systems with detected giant planets or signs of planet formation, while still harbouring prominent debris disks that could be in the process of forming ice giants such as Neptune and Uranus. The proposed observations will probe down to gas masses of 0.01 Earth masses, and allow us to constrain prospects for ice giant formation, measure gas-to-dust ratios in evolved disks to compare with planet formation / disk evolution models, and put constraints on whether the dust dynamics in these systems is driven by the remnant gas or by the radiation.

Note: this proposal is submitted under the Swiss part of the HIFI Guaranteed Time program; HIFI PI: Frank Helmich, HIFI Swiss Lead CoI: Arnold Benz.
Publication Herschel-PACS observations of far-IR lines in young stellar objects. I. [OI] and H2O at 63 μm . Riviere-Marichalar P. et al. . Astronomy & Astrophysics, Volume 594, id.A59, 25 pp. . 594 . 10.1051\/0004-6361\/201527829 . 2016A&A...594A..59R ,
Remnant Gas in Evolved Circumstellar Disks: Herschel PACS Observations of 10-100 Myr Old Disk Systems . Geers Vincent C. et al. . The Astrophysical Journal, Volume 755, Issue 1, article id. 8, 8 pp. (2012). . 755 . 10.1088\/0004-637X\/755\/1\/8 . 2012ApJ...755....8G ,
Instrument PACS_PacsLineSpec_point
Temporal Coverage 2011-01-01T13:14:41Z/2011-08-03T06:52:00Z
Version SPG v14.2.0
Mission Description Herschel was launched on 14 May 2009! It is the fourth 'cornerstone' mission in the ESA science programme. With a 3.5 m Cassegrain telescope it is the largest space telescope ever launched. It is performing photometry and spectroscopy in approximately the 55-671 µm range, bridging the gap between earlier infrared space missions and groundbased facilities.
Creator Contact https://support.cosmos.esa.int/h®erschel/
Date Published 2012-02-03T00:00:00Z
Publisher And Registrant European Space Agency
Credit Guidelines European Space Agency, 2012, Tracing Remnant Gas In Planet Forming Debris Disk Systems, SPG v14.2.0, European Space Agency, https://doi.org/10.5270/esa-fx33ymc